Rabbits are great pets that have character, are extremely sociable, enjoy the company of humans and are a great way of introducing young children to pet ownership. They are quiet, clean and are easily toilet trained. While rabbits love company, they can be left alone during the day and are therefore suitable for people who work or are away from home. They are social animals who enjoy to live with a companion and can live up to 10 years.
After adopting or purchasing your rabbit there are several important aspects of their care to consider:
A predator-proof enclosure to ensure their safety is essential. An appropriate enclosure is a hutch that is divided into two connecting compartments, one a wire mesh to allow access to natural light and fresh air, while the other is enclosed to provide protection against weather and a secure sleeping place. The floor of your rabbit's hutch should be covered with newspaper, with a layer of bedding material like straw, grass, hay or shredded paper for warmth, comfort and to prevent pressure sores on your bunny’s feet. Consider extreme weather conditions and ventilation when choosing a location for your hutch. Rabbits are extremely sensitive to the hot summer temperatures and may die of heat stroke if their hutch is not in a cool, shady position.
Rabbits should have at least two hours outside of the hutch for exercising each day. Handling them will also be of benefit in keeping them tame and used to human handling.
We recommend that your rabbit is vaccinated against calicivirus (RHDV) which is an annual vaccination. When first being vaccinated your rabbit may need a booster vaccine. Unfortunately the vaccine does not cover all strains of the disease but if used in conjunction with appropriate environmental conditions and care the risk of disease is reduced.
Rabbits can get fleas, mites and other parasites so it is important to protect them from these. There are certain parasite controls appropriate for rabbits and exotic animals. Speak to us to find one that is suitable for your rabbit.
It is recommended to desex your rabbits, especially when keeping more than one. Females can become aggressive when mature and are also prone to reproductive cancers.
Feeding and nutrition is the most important factor in making sure your rabbit stays healthy. Many commercial rabbit foods don't contain enough fibre (18 - 20% is required) and are too high in fats and sugars. Rabbits are herbivores so their diet should consist almost entirely of vegetable matter. Pellets and mixes should not form a main part of the diet. Grass or hay is an essential dietary component to ensure your rabbit’s health. Apart from providing a high fibre diet, chewing hay wears down their continuously-growing teeth and keeps them occupied, preventing boredom. Ideally, feed your bunny 85% hay and 15% veggies such as Asian greens or endive (lettuce and cabbage can cause diarrhoea). Treats such as fruits, root veggies(carrots), capsicum and pellets should only be offered in small amounts (1 - 2 tablespoons per day per rabbit). Fresh water should always be available using both a drip feed bottle and an open container.
Rabbits can be very prone to dental disease. Rabbits have teeth that constantly grow and require a good high fibre diet to help wear down their teeth. Providing your rabbit with a well balanced diet with plenty of hay and grass helps with maintain healthy teeth. Regular check ups of your rabbits mouth are recommended as dental disease that is left to progress can have severe health consequences.
Using a firm brush to remove dead hairs, tangles and pieces of garden matter should form part of your daily routine.Grass seeds can commonly become stuck in their eyes, ears and nose, causing irritation or even infection. Check your rabbit’s rear end daily to make sure it is clean and dry, if soiled it is very prone to fly strike.
Our staff are always keen to discuss routine health care for your current or future pets. For further information about pet care, please phone our helpful staff during business hours.